References: Viviparous Halfbeaks of the Family Zenarchopteridae


Viviparous Halfbeaks of the Family Zenarchopteridae
Jan Huylebrouck
AMAZONAS Magazine, Volume 3, Number 1, January/February 2014, pp 20-28

Livebearing freshwater halfbeaks grace the cover of AMAZONAS Magazine for January/February 2014. Image: Hans-Georg Evers.

Livebearing freshwater halfbeaks grace the cover of AMAZONAS Magazine for January/February 2014. Image: Hans-Georg Evers.

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———. 2004. Family Hemiramphidae Gill 1859—halfbeaks. Calif Acad Sci Annotated Checklists of Fishes 22.
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Greven, H. 2006. Viviparous halfbeaks: Notes on structural peculiarities, feeding, and reproduction. In: Greven, H. and R. Riehl, Biologie der Aquarienfische. Tetra Verlag, pp. 271–96.
Huylebrouck, J., R. K. Hadiaty, and F. Herder. 2012. Nomorhamphus rex, a new species of viviparous halfbeak (Atherinomorpha: Beloniformes: Zenarchopteridae) endemic to Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Raffl Bull Zool 60: 477–85.
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Meisner, A.D. and J.R. Burns. 1997. Viviparity in the halfbeak genera Dermogenys and Nomorhamphus (Teleostei: Hemiramphidae). J Morph 234: 295–317.
Mohr, E. 1936a. Hemirhamphiden-Studien IV. Die Gattung Dermogenys van Hasselt. Mitt Zool Mus Berlin 21: 34–55.
———. 1936b. Hemirhamphiden-Studien V. Die Gattung Nomorhamphus Weber & de Beaufort 1922. Mitt Zool Mus Berlin 21: 55–58.
———. 1936c. Hemirhamphiden-Studien VI. Die Gattung Hemirhamphodon Bleeker 1866. Mitt Zool Mus Berlin 21: 59–64.
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Reznick, D., R. Meredith, and B. Collette. 2007. Independent evolution of complex life history adaptations in two families of fishes, live-bearing halfbeaks (Zenarchopteridae, Beloniformes) and Poeciliidae (Cyprinodontiformes). Evolution 61: 2570–583.
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Wainwright Lab, University of California Davis, blog post: “Mysteries in Fish Functional Morphology 2. Halfbeaks.” Online at
Weber, M. and L.F. de Beaufort. 1922. The Fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago, Vol. IV: Heteromi, Solenichthyes, Synentognathi, Percesoces, Labyrinthici, Microcyprini. E.J. Brill, Leyden, pp. 135–72.

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