Coral Outplanting Effort Underway in Florida
04 Apr, 2019
Acropora cervicornus, the endangered Staghorn Coral, is the focus of ongoing restoration efforts in Florida and throughout the Caribbean. Image credit: Florida Aquarium.
The Florida Aquarium Leads a Multi-Agency Effort of the Largest Genetically Diverse Coral Introduction in Florida’s History
via Florida Aquarium
Beginning in April, The Florida Aquarium’s biologists and divers, in partnership with the Coral Restoration Foundation and Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, the University of Florida, Nova Southeastern University, and others embarked on an unprecedented conservation mission designed to help the Florida Reef Tract combat a rapidly spreading disease that can potentially put this animal at risk of extinction.
Over 3,000 unique genotype Acropora corals will be introduced to the Florida Reef Tract. These corals were created from eggs and sperm from the corals in Coral Restoration Foundation Coral Tree Nursery and reared at The Florida Aquarium in Tampa. Many will be outplanted at various specific locations as part of an unprecedented conservation mission.
Young Acropora cervicornis Staghorn Coral grown in the lab from coral spawning at the Coral Restoration Foundation’s Coral Tree Nursery in the Florida Keys. Image credit: Florida Aquarium.
The health of the Florida Reef Tract (which spans nearly 150 miles, from Key Biscayne through the Florida Keys, and is the third largest coral barrier reef system in the world) is critical for the animals and people who depend on it. The reefs of the Florida Keys provide food and recreational opportunities for residents and vacationers alike, and they protect coastal communities as a buffer for hurricanes and other storms. The economic impact of tourism related to the Florida Reef Tract generates $8.5 billion in economic activity and supports over 70,400 jobs.
Recognizing these high stakes, The Florida Aquarium will be leading the largest genetically diverse coral introduction in Florida’s history along the Florida Reef Tract, with many entities helping in this critical conservation initiative.
Trays of young corals being packed for transport. Image credit: Florida Aquarium.
“The Florida Aquarium is proud to be leading this mission. We believe that spawning, rearing, and introducing genetically diverse coral is our best hope for saving the Florida Reef Tract,” said Roger Germann, President and CEO. “We could not conduct an introduction of genotypes of this scale without the partnership we have with the Coral Restoration Foundation, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, and others. This is a prime example of how working together is the key to restoring our Blue Planet.”
“Given the challenges facing our reefs, we recognize both the importance and complexity of restoring them,” said FWC Chairman Robert Spottswood. “Working together through innovative partnerships such as this one is the first step of many that will bring enhanced genetic diversity and resilience to our reefs.”
“We are excited to see these corals, spawned here at Coral Restoration Foundation and reared at The Florida Aquarium, returned to our nurseries,” said Scott Graves, Chief Operating Officer. “This is the most successful spawning and rearing of staghorn coral to date, and we’re extremely excited to continue to partner with The Florida Aquarium on the project. These sexual recruits embody a significant increase in the genetic diversity of this imperiled species, and represent a big leap forward for coral reef restoration.”
Reef Resilience Network
The Florida Aquarium
*All research activities occurred within the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary and under permit.
About the author
Reef to Rainforest Media, LLC is the publisher of award-winning magazines and books in the fields of aquarium keeping, aquatics, and marine science. It is the English-language publisher of CORAL Magazine and is based in Shelburne, Vermont, USA.