VIDEO: Saving the Running River Rainbowfish
17 Nov, 2017
Imagine discovering a new variety of fish, possibly a new species, exclusively found in an out-of-the-way stretch of river. It’s gorgeous and a precious reminder of the immense biodiveristy exhibited by Australia’s popular Rainbowfishes. It enters the Australian hobby as early as 2010.
Now imagine coming back five years later ]to discover that the fish, which hasn’t even received a formal taxonomic analysis and description, is rapidly being lost, threatened with extinction through genetic dilution as a result of hybridization with a non-native species that someone else introduced upriver.
This is precisely the story of the Running River Rainbowfish, and the fast-acting efforts of scientists to preserve this unique form before it is lost forever. With scientist Karl Moy stating in 2017 that this species is now basically “extinct in the wild” (within its original natural range), things were obviously looking pretty grim just a few years back, and the story has not progressed positively.
But is this situation going to enter the history books as just another story of human carelessness and interference resulting in a total wipe-out of a certain species, or can we enjoy a glimmer of hope?
In a remote area of Australia with little outside contact, scientists are in a race to save the Running River Rainbowfish from extinction.
“So once we worked out that the Eastern Rainbowfish had been introduced upstream and had moved down into Running River, we decided to remove a little bit over 50 fish to bring back to Canberra as broodstock,” says Dr. Peter Unmack from the University of Canberra. “The first key thing we did was set them up so we could genotype them, so we had to make sure they are pure Running River Rainbowfish and they’re not hybrids…you want to make sure you have the right stock to start with. We genotyped all the fish, and then we were able to use that information to determine how to pair up the different fish.
“So our collaborators at Flinders University did a series of analyses to tell us which fish to mix with which fish to maximize genetic diversity. And so that was a really key, novel part that’s rarely incorporated into these sorts of programs.
“And so then from there we just started breeding the fish. And the goal was to try to produce an equal number of babies from each parent fish so we had an even mix of genetics across the parents and the offspring. So when we put then out the wild we’ve got as best a representation of those 50 fish as possible.”
But what was the goal with these offspring?
Dr. Unmack continues. “There’s been a little bit of work in translocations in some Australian native fishes, but it’s not a supremely common thing outside of angling species. So fish like Trout Cod, Murray Cod, Mary River Cod, and Macquarie Perch have all been stocked widely, but they’re all big angling species and they have a whole group of people interested in them that the little native fishes don’t have. So there’s been a bit of work done on several Galaxiids that have been threatened from various causes that have been moved to new locations, but this is a first for rainbowfish, essentially where we’re putting them into new places where they didn’t previously exist as part of their conservation action.”
Who pays for all this?
According to Dr. Mark Littermans, “One of the problems we had is that, because we didn’t have a formal national government status for this species, you couldn’t attract funding from the government. So the funding for this has all come from universities or our in-kind time or aquarium societies.”
“It’s amazing that this project is essentially being supportd by fishkeepers from all across the world,” remarked Dr. Unmack.
So have the scientists and researchers succeeded?
We won’t spoil the surprise. You’ll have to watch the 28-minute documentary from the Australia New Guinea Fishes Association, Saving the Running River Rainbowfish, to find out!
To learn more about the ongoing effort to save the Running River Rainbowfish, and new efforts to preserve at least two more endangered Rainbowfish species, visit the Rainbowfish Conservation Fund page at the University of Canberra. You can even make a donation to the project, where 100% of the funds go directly to these conservation efforts.
Saving the Elusive Running River Rainbow, a special message from Dr. Peter Unmack and the Australia New Guinea Fishes Association, January 14th, 2016.
Can Crowdfunding Save this Species? by Peter J. Unmack & Michael P. Hammer, January 29th, 2016.