World Aquarium News
Abstract The practice of conservation occurs within complex socioecological systems fraught with challenges that require transparent, defensible, and often socially engaged project planning and management. Planning and decision support frameworks are designed to help conservation practitioners increase planning rigor, project accountability, stakeholder participation, transparency in decisions, and learning. We describe and contrast five common frameworks within the context of six fundamental questions (why, who, what, where, when, how) at each of three planning stages of adaptive management (project scoping, operational planning, learning). We demonstrate that decision support frameworks provide varied and extensive tools for conservation planning and management. However, using any [...]
Fri, Jun 23, 2017
Source Conservation Letters
Fri, Jun 23, 2017
Source Conservation Letters
Abstract Payment for ecosystem services (PES) has become one of the most important conservation policy options worldwide. In developing countries, however, payments are often targeted towards communities instead of individuals. Nonetheless, there is little evidence for the effectiveness of different payment schemes in promoting pro-conservation behavior. We compare three payment schemes (community-based payments (CBP), equality-based individual payments (EBIP), and performance-based individual payments (PBIP)) using dynamic behavioral experiments with 450 participants in 34 Ugandan villages. We further assess the interplay of the payment schemes with stylized local organizations including communication, leadership and external advice. We find that PBIP lead to better conservation [...]
Mon, Jun 19, 2017
Source Conservation Letters
Abstract In O'Leary et al. (2016), we undertook a quantitative synthesis (rather than a true statistical meta-analysis) of research to consider how much of the sea should be protected to achieve various conservation and management goals. We aimed to provide perspective on the appropriateness of global marine protected area coverage targets, particularly the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 14/Convention on Biological Diversity goals to protect >10% of the sea by 2020. White et al. (2017) question the methodology of our approach, and we offer the following response. [...]
Mon, Jun 19, 2017
Source Conservation Letters
Abstract The global wildlife trade is a growing threat to biodiversity, species conservation and animal welfare. A major driver is consumer demand for exotic pets, and there have been calls for information campaigns to combat this. We created a novel, online survey to assess whether such campaigns could be effective. Our website “matched' individuals with an exotic pet, and asked them to rate how likely they were to purchase one. We manipulated the information shown about each pet, giving either a “control” statement, describing the species' diet, or one of four types of “treatment” statement describing zoonotic disease, animal welfare, legal [...]
Mon, Jun 19, 2017
Source Conservation Letters
Mon, Jun 19, 2017
Source Conservation Letters
Abstract Globally, annual expenditure on ecological restoration of degraded areas for habitat improvement and biodiversity conservation is approximately $18bn. Seed farming of native plant species is crucial to meet restoration goals, but may be stymied by the disconnection of academic research in seed science and the lack of effective policies that regulate native seed production/supply. To illustrate this problem, we identified 1,122 plant species important for European grasslands of conservation concern and found that only 32% have both fundamental seed germination data available and can be purchased as seed. The “restoration species pool,” or set of species available in practice, acts [...]
Mon, Jun 19, 2017
Source Conservation Letters
Abstract Wild goose chase, snipe hunt, fool's errand—these retorts typify responses of many biologists to news that someone is searching for a species considered extinct. Although these ventures can damage reputations and may offer false hope regarding the finality of extinction, genuine conservation gains often result, even for those quests that prove unsuccessful. As well as enhanced protection for regions where rediscovered species persist and new information of direct management relevance for co-occurring species, well-planned searches for long-lost species represent valuable engagement opportunities to raise awareness in the wider community about biodiversity conservation and science generally. Indeed, we suggest that “Lazarus [...]
Wed, Jun 14, 2017
Source Conservation Letters
Abstract Insecure land tenure plagues many developing and tropical regions, often where conservation concerns are highest. Conservation organizations have long focused on protected areas as tenure interventions, but are now thinking more comprehensively about whether and how to incorporate other land tenure strategies into their work, and how to more soundly ground such interventions on evidence of both conservation and human benefits. Through a review of the literature on land tenure security as it relates to conservation practice, predominantly in the tropics, we aim to help conservation practitioners consider and incorporate more appropriate land tenure security interventions into conservation strategies. We [...]
Mon, Jun 12, 2017
Source Conservation Letters
Abstract Citizen science programs monitoring ecosystems and natural resources are promoted for their potential to foster environmental awareness and stewardship. We surveyed volunteers in natural resource monitoring programs to determine whether they perceived changes in their environmental attitudes and decision-making. The majority of participants perceived changes in their attitude towards the resource being monitored, but not in their decision-making towards the resource they monitored or towards the environment more broadly. While the resources volunteers monitored in this study were diverse, program volunteers themselves were not. Participants were largely white, older, affluent, well-educated, held strong pre-existing environmental attitudes, and were involved in [...]
Mon, Jun 12, 2017
Source Conservation Letters
Researchers have returned from the Philippines with new species discoveries and deeper insights into threatened coral reef ecosystems. [...]
Thu, Jun 08, 2017
Source Coral Reef News from Science Daily
The sound of motorboat engines disturbed coral reef fish so acutely it changed the behavior of parents, and stopped male fish properly guarding their young, feeding and interacting with their offspring, new research has found. [...]
Wed, Jun 07, 2017
Source Coral Reef News from Science Daily
Black band disease is less deadly to mountainous star coral (Orbicella faveolata) as water acidified, or decreased in pH, a new study has demonstrated. [...]
Mon, Jun 05, 2017
Source Coral Reef News from Science Daily
Stony corals may be more resilient to ocean acidification than once thought, according to a Rutgers University study that shows they rely on proteins to help create their rock-hard skeletons. [...]
Thu, Jun 01, 2017
Source Coral Reef News from Science Daily