CORAL Magazine’s Captive-Bred Marine Fish Species List for 2017
17 Nov, 2016
Please see the updated captive-bred marine fish species list for 2019!
A CORAL SPECIAL REPORT: The State of the Marine Breeders’ Art 2017
by Tal Sweet
CORAL Magazine’s Annual Listing of captive-bred marine aquarium fish species, current through early October 2016 – an excerpt from the November/December 2016 issue of CORAL Magazine – subscribe today!
As you may have noticed, this issue is filled with stories of captive breeding successes from around the world. It’s often said that nothing good happens quickly in the marine aquarium hobby, but in this case it’s becoming difficult to keep up! Traditionally we publish our annual list of new captive-bred species in the January/February issue, but so much has been going on this year that we decided to break tradition and do it in this issue.
On a recent episode of the Reef Threads podcast, hosts Gary Parr and Christine Williams discussed the impact and growth of captive breeding, and their perspective was enlightening. Less than a decade ago, many fishes were deemed too difficult to keep–much less persuade to spawn and raise offspring–in captivity. In 2008, Matthew Pedersen challenged that perception by becoming the first person to not only house a pair of Orange-Spotted Filefish, Oxymonacanthus longirostris, but have the pair spawn in his care and raise their offspring beyond 60 days post-settlement. Fast-forward to 2016, and we’re seeing a plethora of formerly “difficult” species being housed by hobbyists and institutions with excellent results. These fishes aren’t just surviving—they are thriving and spawning under the proper care.
At the end of 2015, we were all amazed by the announcement of the first captive-bred Yellow Tangs, Zebrasoma flavescens, by Dr. Chatham Callan at the Oceanic Institute in Hawaii. We also pondered the possibility of breeding the Pacific Blue Tang, Paracanthurus hepatus, in captivity. Now that has become a reality. Less than a week before the seventh annual MBI Workshop in July, an announcement was made that Kevin Barden, working at the Tropical Aquaculture Laboratory in Florida, had successfully raised P. hepatus. Barden was quickly added to the list of speakers, and he presented his project to a roomful of eager hobbyist and professional breeders from around North America. This milestone was of particular interest because it happened only a few weeks after the release of the film “Finding Dory,” which featured a Blue Tang as the main character.
Since then, new reports have been coming fast and furious. Currently, we can confirm at least 16 to 18 new captive-breeding successes. Several of these will be covered in detail in this issue, with more to come in the following issue.
From the Oceanic Institute, in conjunction with Rising Tide Conservation, we have the Potter’s Angelfish (Centropyge potteri), the Hawaiian Cleaner Wrasse (Labroides phthirophagus), and the Milletseed Butterflyfish (Chaetodon miliaris), raised by Avier Montalvo.
Todd Gardner, 2014 MASNA Aquarist of the Year, has now bred his 53rd species, the Flathead Perch, Rainfordia opercularis, at Suffolk County Community College in Selden, New York.
Coming out of the ongoing collaborative efforts of the New England Aquarium (NEAq) and Roger Williams University, Dr. Andrew Rhyne and his associates at Roger Williams have added the Yasha White Ray Shrimp Goby, Stonogobiops yasha, to their list of captive-bred firsts, while Monika Schmück found success with the Caribbean Blue Reef Chromis, Chromis cyanea, at NEAq. [Editor’s Note – stay tuned to Reef2Rainforest.com for an exclusive online look at the breeding of the Blue Reef Chromis!]
In the middle of the country Tim Morrissey and Andy Hinrichs, working at the Henry Doorly Zoo and Aquarium in Omaha, Nebraska, have raised the second species of Anthias to be bred in captivity, the Stocky Anthias, Pseudanthias hypselosoma.
Nearby, longtime hobbyist breeder Kathy Leahy has moved on from breeding clownfishes and become the first person in the world to successfully breed the Coral Beauty Angelfish, Centropyge bispinosa. Leahy was also the first to document her success with the elusive Ruby Dragonet (formally described as Synchiropus sycorax) just days ahead of Oceans, Reefs & Aquariums (ORA).
Two commercial facilities, ORA and Sustainable Aquatics, have also added new species to their repertoires. Dustin Dorton and his crew at ORA have had success with the Yellow-Breasted Dottyback, Pseudochromis coccinicauda, although they do not intend to put them into commercial production at this point; and Matthew Carberry of Sustainable Aquatics has added the Yellow-Belly Damselfish, Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster.
Six other species should be mentioned:
- The Indian Ocean Oriental Sweetlips, Plectorhinchus vittatus, has been bred for human consumption.
- The Humphead Wrasse, Cheilinus undulates, was successfully bred in 2004 as a food fish, but related species are being kept as aquarium fishes.
- The Goldflake Angelfish, Apolemichthys xanthopunctatus, at Bali Aquarich.
- The Kite Butterflyfish, Parachaetodon ocellatus, has been bred in Thailand, and there have been claims of success with Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus and Centropyge bicolor, although there is no published proof of the breeding of the latter two species at this time, so they can only be considered provisional additions.
As the list of fishes that have been successfully bred in captivity continues to grow, we must keep in mind the balance between captive breeding and sustainable wild collection. They are not mutually exclusive. We must also continue to support aquarists who are working with new species, whether they are helping to fund future projects or simply purchasing captive-bred fishes when they are available.
The new 2017 Captive Bred Marine Fish Species List now supersedes the 2016 list, the 2015 list, the 2014 list and the 2013 list. Color-coded perceived availability in the United States from January through September 2016, has been included this year:
Orange Common Name = new to the list this year.
Pink Common Name = new to the list this year, but as a priorly overlooked accomplishment
Green = Commonly Available. Easy to find as a captive-bred fish, often from more than one source, throughout 2016.
Blue – Moderate to Low. Might have taken some searching, and availability may have been limited, but was reasonably obtainable as a captive-bred fish in 2016.
Purple = Scarce. Generally only one source or breeder is known, and potentially only a handful of specimens may have been available. You may have “had to know someone” or even know the breeder directly in order to obtain them as captive-bred fish during 2016.
Black = None. The authors and consulted parties were unaware of any retail availability of this species from a captive-bred source during 2016.
|2017 Captive-Bred Marine Aquarium Species List Recap Summary|
|Total Number of Species in the Current List||330|
|Number of Species Added Since Prior List (including provisional listings)||18|
|Number of Species Commonly Available as Captive-Bred, Jan.-Sept. 2016 (CB)||27|
|Number of Species Moderately Available as CB||38|
|Number of Species Scarely Available as CB||29|
|Total Number of Species Available as CB||94|
|Number of Species Not Seen Avaialble as CB||236|
Apolemichthys arcuatus, Bandit Angelfish
Apolemichthys trimaculatus, Flagfin Angelfish
Apolemichthys xanthopunctatus, Goldflake Angelfish
Centropyge acanthops, African pygmy Angelfish
Centropyge argi, Cherub Angelfish
Centropyge bicolor, Bicolor Angelfish*
Centropyge bispinosa, Coral Beauty Angelfish
Centropyge colini, Collins or Cocos Keeling Angelfish
Centropyge debelius, Debelius Angelfish
Centropyge fisheri, Fisher’s Angelfish
Centropyge flavissima, Lemonpeel Angelfish
Centropyge interruptus, Japanese Pygmy Angel
Centropyge joculator, Joculator Angelfish
Centropyge loricula, Flame Angelfish
Centropyge multicolor, Multicolor Angelfish
Centropyge potteri, Potter’s Angelfish
Centropyge resplendens, Resplendent Angelfish
Chaetodontoplus cephalareticulatus, Maze Angelfish
Chaetodonotplus duboulayi, Scribbled Angelfish
Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus, Singapore Angelfish*
Chaetodontoplus septentrionalis, Bluestriped Angelfish
Genicanthus personatus, Masked Angelfish
Genicanthus watenabei, Blackedged Angelfish
Holacanthus clarionensis, Clarion Angelfish
Holacanthus passer, Passer or King Angelfish
Paracentropyge multifasciata, Multibar Angelfish
Paracentropyge venusta, Purplemask Angelfish
Pomacanthus annularis, Annularis Angelfish
Pomacanthus arcuatus, Gray Angelfish
Pomacanthus asfur, Asfur Angelfish
Pomacanthus maculosus, Yellowbar Angelfish
Pomacanthus navarchus, Majestic or Blue Girdled Angelfish
Pomacanthus paru, French Angelfish
Pomacanthus semicirculatus, Koran Angelfish
Pomacanthus sexstriatus, Sixbar Angelfish
Pseudanthias hypselosoma, Stocky Anthias
Pseudanthias squamipinnis, Lyretail Anthias
Assessor flavissimus, Yellow Assessor
Assessor macneilli, Blue Assessor
Assessor randalli, Randal’s Assessor
Liopropoma carmabi, Candy Basslet
Liopropoma rubre, Swissguard Basslet
Rainfordia opercularis, Flathead Perch
Chaetodipterus faber, Atlantic Spadefish
Platax bativianus, Zebra Batfish
Platax pinnatus, Pinnatus Batfish
Platax orbicularis, Orbiculate Batfish
Chasmodes bosquianus, Striped Blenny
Ecsenius gravieri, Red Sea Mimic Blenny
Ecsenius bicolor, Bicolor Blenny
Enchelyurus flavipes, Goldentail Comb-tooth Blenny
Hypleurochilus multifilis, Featherduster Blenny
Hypsoblennius hentz, Feather Blenny
Meiacanthus atrodorsalis, Forktail Blenny
Meiacanthus bundoon, Bundoon Blenny
Meiacanthus grammistes, Striped Fang Blenny
Meicanthus kamohari, Kamohara Blenny
Meiacanthus mossambicus, Mozambique Fang Blenny
Meiacanthus nigrolineatus, Blackline Fang Blenny
Meiacanthus oualanensis, Canary Fang Blenny
Meiacanthus smithi, Disco Blenny
Meiacanthus tongaensis, Fang Blenny (Tonga)
Parablennius marmoreus, Seaweed Blenny
Petroscirtes breviceps, Mimic Fang Blenny
Salaria pavo, Peacock Blenny
Scartella cristata, Molly Miller Blenny
Acanthostracion quadricornis, Scrawled Cowfish
Chaetodon klienii, Klien’s, Orange or Sunburst Butterflyfish
Chaetodon milliaris, Milletseed or Lemon Butterflyfish
Apogon notatus, Spotnape Cardinalfish
Apogonichthyoides melas, Black Cardinalfish
Apogonichthyoides nigripinnis, Bullseye Cardinalfish
Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus, 5 Lined Cardinalfish
Fowleria flammea, Red Stop Light Cardinalfish
Nectamia bandanensis, Bigeye Cardinalfish
Ostorhinchus compressus, Ochre-striped Cardinalfish
Ostorhinchus cyanosoma, Yellowstriped Cardinalfish
Ostorhinchus margaritophorus, Copper Lined Cardinalfish
Ostorhinchus quadrifasciatus, Two-striped Cardinalfish
Pterapogon kauderni, Banggai Cardinalfish
Pterapogon mirifica, Sailfin Cardinalfish
Sphaeramia nematoptera, Pajama Cardinalfish
Sphaeramia orbicularis, Orbic Cardinalfish
Zoramia leptacantha, Threadfin Cardinalfish
Marine Catfishes (Plotosidae)
Plotosus lineatus, Striped Eel Catfish
Gobiesox punctulatus, Stippled Clingfish
Gobiesox strumosus, Skilletfish
Amphiprion akallopisos, Skunk Clownfish
Amphiprion akindynos, Barrier Reef Clownfish
Amphiprion allardi, Allard’s Clownfish
Amphiprion barberi, Fiji Barberi Clownfish
Amphiprion bicinctus, Red Sea (Two-Barred) Clownfish
Amphiprion chrysogaster, Mauritian Clownfish
Amphiprion chrysopterus, Orangefin Anemonefish
Amphiprion clarkii, Clarkii Clownfish
Amphiprion ephippium, Red Saddleback Clownfish
Amphiprion frenatus, Tomato Clownfish
Amphiprion latezonatus, Wide Band Clownfish
Amphiprion latifasciatus, Madagascar Clownfish
Amphiprion leucokranos, Whitebonnet Clownfish
Amphiprion mccullochi, McCulloch’s Clownfish
Amphiprion melanopus, Cinnamon Clownfish
Amphiprion nigripes, Blackfinned Clownfish
Amphiprion ocellaris, Ocellaris Clownfish
Amphiprion percula, Percula Clownfish
Amphiprion perideraion, Pink Skunk Clownfish
Amphiprion polymnus, Saddleback Clownfish
Amphiprion rubrocinctus, Australian Clownfish
Amphiprion sandaracinos, Orange Skunk Clownfish
Amphiprion sebae, Sebae Clownfish
Amphiprion tricinctus, Three-Band Clownfish
Premnas biaculeatus, Maroon Clownfish
Convict Blennies (Pholidichthyidae)
Pholidichthys leucotaenia, Convict Blenny, Engineer Goby
Abudefduf saxatilis, Sergeant Major
Acanthochromis polyacanthus, Orange Line Chromis
Amblyglyphidodon aureus, Golden Damselfish
Amphyglyphidodon curacao, Staghorn Damselfish
Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster, Yellow-belly Damselfish
Amblyglyphidodon ternatensis, Ternate Damselfish
Chromis cyaneus, Caribbean Blue Reef Chromis
Chromis nitida, Barrier Reef Chromis
Chromis viridis, Blue Green Chromis
Chrysiptera cyanea, Blue Devil Damselfish
Chrysiptera hemicyanea, Azure Damselfish
Chrysiptera parasema, Yellowtail Damselfish
Chrysiptera rex, King Demoiselle
Chrysiptera taupou, Fiji Blue Devil
Dascyllus albisella, Whitespot Damselfish, Hawaiian Dascyllus
Dascyllus aruanus, Three Stripe Damselfish
Dascyllus trimaculatus, Three Spot Domino Damselfish
Hypsypops rubicundus, Garibaldi Damselfish
Microspathodon chrysurus, Jewel Damselfish
Neoglyphidodon crossi, Cross’s Damselfish
Neoglyphidodon melas, Bowtie Damselfish
Neoglyphidodon nigroris, Black and Gold Chromis