Introducing a New Catfish, Scleromystax reisi

30 Sep, 2016

The holotype of Scleromystax reisi, a male individual - CC BY 4.0

The holotype of Scleromystax reisi, a male individual – CC BY 4.0

A new species of catfish from the genus Scleromystax is described today in the journal Neotropical Ichthyology, the official journal of the Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia (SBI). The formal description of Scleromystax reisi has been published in the article New species of Scleromystax Günther, 1864 (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae) – extending the meridional distribution of genera endemic to the Atlantic Forest, by Marcelo R. Britto, Clayton K. Fukakusa, and Luiz R. Malabarba.

This species occurs in “several coastal river basins from southern Bahia to southern Santa Catarina States,” which extends the southern reach of the entire Scleromystax genus.

Map of northern Rio Grande do Sul State and southern Santa Catarina State, Brazil, showing the distribution of Scleromystax reisi in the Laguna dos Patos drainage (yellow symbols; star = type locality) and the distribution of S. salmacis (red symbols; triangle = first record to the Rio Tramandaí drainage). CC BY 4.0

Map of northern Rio Grande do Sul State and southern Santa Catarina State, Brazil, showing the distribution of Scleromystax reisi in the Laguna dos Patos drainage (yellow symbols; star = type locality) and the distribution of S. salmacis (red symbols; triangle = first record to the Rio Tramandaí drainage). CC BY 4.0

The authors suggest that the species is likely not rare, but may have specific habitat requirements within its range, stating, “the species is well [established] but in very selective habitats associated with preserved riparian vegetation.” The authors of the description do note that, per IUCN classifications, they believe that the newly-described species would be a species of “Least Concern” on the IUCN Redlist.

A live paratype, here the female of Scleromystax reisi. CC BY 4.0

A live paratype, here the female of Scleromystax reisi. CC BY 4.0

When discussing this charming new species today, AMAZONAS Magazine Sr. Editor and Translator Stephan Tanner noted, “The fish is certainly neat and close to Scleromystax macropterus. It has probably not yet been imported, and is unlikely to be seen because there are no collectors there and Scleromystax is in part protected.”

Juvenile paratypes of S. reisi highlight a particularly attractive juvenile color pattern. CC BY 4.0

Juvenile paratypes of S. reisi highlight a particularly attractive juvenile color pattern. CC BY 4.0

For further details and insights on this new catfish species, please review the full description of Scleromystax reisi in the journal Neotropical Ichthyology.

Credits: All Images and excerpts from the journal Neotropical Ichthylogy under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.

Related Posts

About the author

Matt Pedersen
Matt Pedersen

Matt Pedersen is a Sr. Editor and Associate Publisher with Reef To Rainforest Media, LLC, including AMAZONAS & CORAL Magazines. Matt has kept aquariums for 34 years, has worked in most facets of the aquarium trade, is an active aquarist and fish breeder (both marine and freshwater), and was recognized as the 2009 MASNA Aquarist of the Year.

Leave a reply

Subscribe to the AMAZONAS eMail Newsletter

Subscribe to the AMAZONAS eMail Newsletter

Sign up to get interesting news and updates delivered to your inbox from AMAZONAS Magazine.

Thank you! You have successfully subscribed to the AMAZONAS Magazine email newsletter.